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Saturday, August 17, 2019

The North Pole sees record high temperatures during polar night

The North Pole is in a “climate emergency” as the Arctic continues towards becoming the hottest year on record in 2016
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The Arctic has continued to see extremely warm temperatures in 2016, alarming climate scientists around the world.

As of Thursday, the temperature at the North Pole was 36 degrees Fahrenheit above normal. During this time, the ice is supposed to grow and thicken, but instead it is doing the opposite. The high heat is causing the ice caps to melt. It is particularly unusual, though, because the caps are melting during the polar night, rather than during the heat of the day.

The polar night is the time of the year when the North Pole never sees sun. During the polar night, the night lasts for more than 24 hours.

The ocean temperatures are also seeing a record high, as they are about 25 degrees Fahrenheit warmer than normal.

The extent of the sea ice covering the polar ocean is also at a record low. The ice is freezing up again, but it is not doing so very quickly.

“The sea ice is at a record low right now, for this time of year, that’s one thing,” said Mark Serreze, head of the National Snow and Ice Data Center in Boulder. “And why it’s so low — again, there’s so much heat in the upper ocean in these ice-free areas, the ice just can’t form right now. The ocean’s just got to get rid of this heat somehow, and it’s having a hard time doing so.”

The Washington Post attributes the warmer temperatures in the Arctic to the elongated jet stream propelling hot air farther north than normal.

“The Arctic warmth is the result of a combination of record-low sea-ice extent for this time of year, probably very thin ice, and plenty of warm/moist air from lower latitudes being driven northward by a very wavy jet stream,” said Jennifer Francis, an Arctic specialist at Rutgers University.

This marks the second year in a row that the temperatures in the Arctic have reached very warm levels.

Scientists are seeing warmer temperatures worldwide. According to NASA, from January to June was the planet’s warmest half year on record; the record dates back to 1880. The average temperatures were 2.54 degrees Fahrenheit warmer than the late nineteenth century.

Experts agree that the whole situation is pretty bizarre. Experts also warn that things are not looking good for this planet.

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